School in 1895 - final exam by John Peters

 Remember  when our grandparents, great-grandparents, and such stated that  they only had an 8th grade  education?

This is the eighth-grade final exam from 1895 in  Salina , KSUSA
It  was taken from the original document on file at the Smokey Valley Genealogical Society and Library in Salina ,  KS , and  reprinted by the Salina Journa


Grammar (Time, one hour)

1.  Give nine rules for the use of Capital Letters.

2 . Name the  Parts of Speech and define those that have no   Modifications.

3. Define Verse, Stanza and Paragraph.  

4.. What are the Principal Parts of a verb? Give Principal  Parts of lie, lay and run

5. Define Case, Illustrate each  Case.

6. What is Punctuation? Give rules for principal marks  of Punctuation.

7. Write a composition of about 150 words  and show therein that you understand the practical use of the  rules of grammar.

  Arithmetic  (Time, 1.25  hours)  

1. Name  and define the Fundamental Rules of Arithmetic.

2. A wagon  box is 2 ft deep, 10 feet long, and 3 ft. wide. How many bushels  of wheat will it hold?

3. If a load of wheat weighs 3942  lbs., what is it worth at

50cts/bushel, deducting 1050lbs.  for tare?

4. District No.! 33 has a valuation of $35,000.  What is the necessary levy to carry on a school seven months at  $50 per month, and have $104 for incidentals?

5. Find cost  of 6720 lbs. coal at $6.00 per ton.

6. Fi nd the interest of  $512.60 for 8 months and 18 days at 7 percent.

7. What is  the cost of 40 boards 12 inches wide and 16 ft. long at $20 per  meter?

8 Find bank discount on $300 for 90 days (no grace)  at 10 percent.

9. What is the cost of a square farm at $15  per acre, the distance

around which is 640 rods?

10.  Write a Bank Check, a Promissory Note, and a Receipt.  

U. S. History  (Time, 45 minutes)

1.  Give the epochs into which U. S. History is divided.

2. Give  an account of the discovery of  America by  Columbus .  

3. Relate the causes and results of the Revolutionary War.  

4. Show the territorial growth of the United  States ..  

5. Tell what you can of the history of Kansas .  

6. Describe three of the most prominent battles of the  Rebellion.

7. Who were the following: Morse, Whitney,  Fulton , Bell ,  Lincoln ,   Penn, and Howe?

8. Name events connected with the  following dates: 1607, 1620, 1800,  1849, 1865.  

Orthography  (Time, one hour)

1.  What is meant by the following: Alphabet, phonetic, orthography,   etymology, syllabication?

2. What are elementary  sounds? How classified?

3. What are the following, and give  examples of each: Trigraph, sub vocals, diphthong, cognate  letters, linguals?

4. Give four substitutes for caret 'u'.  

5. Give two rules for spelling words with final 'e.' Name  two

exceptions under each rule.

6. Give two uses of  sile! nt lett ers in spelling. Illustrate each.

7. Define  the following prefixes and use in connection with a word:   bi, dis, mis, pre, semi, post, non, inter, mono, sup  

8. Mark diacritically and divide into syllables the  following, and name the sign that indicates the sound: card,  ball, mercy, sir, odd, cell, rise, blood, fare, last.

9. Use  the following correctly in sentences: cite, site, sight, fane,  

fain, feign, vane, vain, vein, raze, raise, rays.

10.  Write 10 words frequently mispronounced and indicate  pronunciation by use of diacritical marks and by syllabication..  

Geography (Time, one hour)

1.  What is climate? Upon what does climate depend?

2. How do  you account for the extremes of climate in Kansas ?  

3. Of what use are rivers? Of what use is the ocean?

4..  Describe the mountains of ! North  America .  

5. Name and describe the following: Monrovia ,  Odessa ,  Denver ,  

Manitoba ,  Hecla ,  Yukon ,  St.  Helena , Juan  Fernandez, Aspinwall & Orinoco.

6. Name and locate the  principal trade centers! of the U.S.

7.  Name all the republics of Europe and  give the capital of each.

8. Why is the Atlantic  Coast colder  than the P acific in the same latitude?

9. Describe the  process by which the water of the ocean returns to the sources  of rivers.

10. Describe the movements of the earth. Give  the inclination of the earth.